The retina is delicate nerve tissue that lines the back of the eye. As we age, and sometimes due to medical conditions such as diabetes, the retina can develop complications that severely affect your sight.

Diabetic Retinopathy

This disease can be detected by viewing the retina with instruments that illuminate and magnify the structures of the eye. If Diabetic Retinopathy is found, a series of photographs are taken as a dye travels through the retinal vessels.

Treatment of the disease depends on the location and degree of damage to the retina. If retinopathy occurs in the peripheral retina, careful monitoring of the disease may be all that is necessary. When retinopathy affects the macula and central vision, laser treatments may be required.

Early detection and management of the disease are key. Getting a comprehensive eye exam annually is the best protection against the progression of Diabetic Retinopathy. Even when no symptoms are noticed, a diabetic patient should have frequent eye examinations, as recommended by their doctor.

Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment occurs when the retina of the eye is pulled away from the underlying tissue to which it is attached. A retinal detachment is a medical emergency which can lead to permanent blindness if left untreated. In most cases, the detachment is a slowly progressing issue which must be treated once symptoms are realized. In some cases, a detachment occurs due to a trauma which causes a tear in the retina, allowing fluid to enter the vitreous and pull on the retinal tissue.

Retinal detachment can be complication of cataract surgery. A severe inflammation may alter the position of the retinal tissue and begin the detachment process. Other causes of a retinal detachment may be as follows:

  • Nearsightedness
  • A retinal tear
  • Family history of retinal detachment
  • Glaucoma
  • Cataract surgery
  • Trauma
  • Existing eye condition

A retinal detachment may be treated in many ways, which may include one or both of the following:

  • Cryotherapy
  • Laser photocoagulation
  • Pneumatic retinopexy
  • Scleral buckle
  • Vitrectomy

Most surgeries to repair a retinal detachment are successful. In some cases, a second procedure will need to be performed. After a successful procedure, vision will take time to improve but may not return to previous levels of acuity.

Age Related Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, also known as Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD), is typically a natural result of the aging process. It often causes blurriness and reduces our ability to perform detailed tasks.

Fortunately, there are a number of therapies and medications that we can administer to manage and slow this type of vision loss and, in some cases, even improve sight. Quite often, low-vision aids are used by patients to magnify areas for easier reading and to complete other detailed tasks. While most patients suffer from Dry AMD, a few can develop leakage of blood vessels around the retina, known as Wet AMD, and that requires its own unique treatment.

For Wet AMD patients, we’ve found Eylea treatments work well. Working with you to determine which treatment is best, we’ll inject medication into the eye to stabilize or even improve your vision in some instances—so you can keep up with your daily activities.